You can compare tyre selection to selecting shoes. You usually use different shoes depending on what activity you plan to do and what kind of weather you are facing. You will select different shoes if you are going to work versus if you are going running and both these will differ if you are heading out on a hike in icy and snowy conditions. You have to think in a similar way when you are selecting tyres. Of course you can’t change tyres as often as shoes. You will stick with the same set of tyres for the whole year or you will switch them between the summer and winter season.
Also, if you plan to drive a lot of off-road with e.g. your SUV, then you need to have tyres that are made for off-road. Some off-road SUV tyres have Aramid reinforced sidewalls to protect the tyres from any sidewall impacts from sharp stones or other sharp objects. If you are not using your vehicle for off-road driving, then a normal tyre will do, but you will need to know if you will face winter conditions or not and if you want a dedicated summer tyre or an all-weather tyre.
Summer tyres are made for summer conditions, so they are meant to be used in temperatures above 0 degrees Celsius and up to the normal summer temperatures. When you drive with summer tyres in these conditions, you will have a tyre that will give you stability and control as well as short braking distance both on dry and wet surface. The better quality tyre you select, the better grip they usually have and the lower rolling resistance they exhibit, so that the car will consume less fuel.
The quality of the tyre will determine some key properties such as braking distance, control, ability to prevent aquaplaning and fuel efficiency. This is why it matters what tyre you select. You want a tyre that can handle the conditions where you aim to drive. If you drive during the winter, you need proper winter tyres. In winter conditions you would never go out with summer shoes and the same goes with the tyres. Make sure that you put on proper winter tyres in winter. If you drive in summer, then select proper high quality summer tyres.